JNU , Delhi university BA English Honours Syllabus

Main Discipline Course: English
Detailed Courses of Reading


Paper 1: English Literature 4 (i)
Unit-1 Jane Austen Pride and Prejudice
Unit-2 Charles Dickens Hard Times
Unit-3 Background Prose Readings and Topics

a. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, Selections from A Reader in Marxist
Philosophy ed. Sels and Martel (New York. I 963). Pp. 186-8, I 90-1, 199-

b. Charles Darwin, Selections from The Descent of Man (in the Norton
Anthology of English Literature, 3rd edn., vol. 2) pp. 1647-52.

c. John Stuart Mill, Selections from The Subjection of Women (in the Norton
Anthology of English Literature, Vol. 2) pp. 1647-52.

d. Matthew Arnold, Selections from Culture and Anarchy (in the Norton
Anthology of English Literature, Vol. 2) pp. 1403-12.

e. Topics:
The Novel Form in Nineteenth-Century England; Faith and Doubt; The
Writer and Society; Fiction and its Readers.

Paper 2: Twentieth Century Indian Writing (i) 

Unit-1 Rabindranath Tagore The Home and the World
tr. Surendranath Tagore 

Unit-2 Premchand, ‘The Holy Panchayat’
R.K. Narayan ‘The ‘M.C.C.’
Vaikom Muhammad Basheer ‘The Card-Sharper’s
Saadat Hasan Manto ‘Toba Tek Singh’
Ismat Chughtai ‘Lihaf’ (The Quilt)
Ambai ‘Squirrel’

Unit-3 Background Prose Readings and Topics 

a. Rabindranath Tagore, Nationalism (Delhi : Rupa, 1992), Chapter 1 and 3.
b. Namvar Singh, ‘Decolonising the Indian Mind’, Indian Literature, no. 151
(Sept/Oct. 1992).
c. U.R. Ananthamurthy, ‘Being a Writer in India’, from Tender Ironies, ed.
Dilip Chitre et. al., pp. 127-46.
d. Topics :
Nationalism; The Theme of the Partition; Language and Audience; in
Modern India; Tradition and Experiment in Modern Indian Theatre; The
Individual and Society in Modern Indian Literature.

Note: Texts prescribed in Unit 2 are available in an anthology prepared and published by
the Department of English, University of Delhi, Modern Indian Literature: Poems and
Short Stories. Oxford University Press, 1999.


Paper 4 English Literature-
Unit-1 Charlotte Bronte Jane Eyre
Unit-2 George Eliot The Mill on the Floss
Unit-3 Alfred Tennyson ‘The Lady of Shalott’, ‘Ulysses’, ‘Crossing
the Bar’, ‘The Defence of Lucknow’
Robert Browning ‘My Last Duchess’.’The Last Ride Together’,
‘Porphyria’s Lover’, ‘Fra Lippo Lippi’
Christina Rossetti ‘The Goblin Market’

Paper 5 Twentieth Century Indian Writing(ii) 

Unit-1 Jibanananda Das ‘Before Dying’, Windy Night’
‘I Shall return to this Bengal’
Sri Sri ‘Forward March’
From Some People Laugh,
Some People Cry.
G.M. Muktibodh ‘The Void’, ‘So Very Far’
Nissim Ezekiel ‘Enterprise’, ‘The Night of the
‘Goodbye Party for
Miss Pushpa .S.’
Jayanta Mahapatra ‘Hunger’, ‘Dhauli’, ‘Grandfather’,
‘A Country’

Unit-2 Vijay Tendulkar Ghasiram Kotwal tr. Jayant
Karve and Eleanor Zelliot
Mohan Rakesh Half-way House tr. Bindu Batra

Unit-3 Amitav Ghosh The Shadow Lines

Paper 6: English Literature 1 (i)
Unit-1. Christopher Marlowe Doctor Faustus
Unit-2. William Shakespeare Othello
Unit-3. William Shakespeare As You Like It.


Paper 8: English Literature 1 (ii)

Unit-1. Geoffrey Chaucer ‘The Wife of Bath’s Prologue and Tale’
Unit-2. Philip Sidney Selection from Astrophel and Stella :
Sonnets 1, 15, 27, 34, 41, 45
Edmund Spenser Selections from Amoretti :
Sonnets XXXIV and LXVII
John Donne Elegie : ‘On His Mistress Going to Bed’,
‘The Sunne Rising’, ‘The Canonisation’,
‘A Hymn to God My God in My Sicknesse’,
‘Batter My Heart’, ‘Death be not Proud’.
Unit-3. Background Prose Readings and Topics:
a. Pico della Mirandola, Excerpts from the Oration on the Dignity of Man in
The Renaissance Portable Reader, pp. 476-9.
b. John Calvin on Predestination and Free Will, in The Renaissance Portable
Reader. pp. 704-11.
c. Baldassare Castiglione, Excerpts from Book 4 of The Courtier on the
courtier, love and beauty (from the Penguin edition, pp. 324-8, pp. 330-5).
d. Philip Sidney, An Apology for Poetry, ed. Forrest G. Robinson (Bobbs-
Merrill, 1970) pp.13-18.
e. Topics:
The Development of English Drama; Ideas of Love and Marriage in the
Middle Ages and the Renaissance; Control and Censorship of Drama; The
Poet in Society; Renaissance Humanism.

Paper 9: English Literature 2 (i)
Unit-1. William Shakespeare Antony and Cleopatra
Unit-2. John Webster The Duchess of Malfi
Unit-3. Background Prose Readings and Topics:

a. The Holy Bible, ‘Genesis’, chapters 1-4 (Adam and Eve. Cain and Abel) :
‘Luke’, chapters 1-7 and 22-24 (the Nativity, the Miracles and the Passion
of Christ).
b. Niccolo Machiavelli 2Xi from The Prince, chapters 15 (How not to be
virtuous), 16 (Generosity), 18 (Princes need not honour their word) and 25
(On fortune).
c. Francis Bacon. ‘Of Marriage and Single Life’. ‘Of Truth” and ‘Of Studies’
(Norton Edition, Vol 1, pp. 1563-8)
d. Thomas Hobbes, from Leviathan, Part I, Selections from chapters 8,11 and
13 (Penguin edition. pp. 134-137, 160-161 and 185-186).
e. John Dryden, from ‘A Discourse Concerning the Origin and Progress of
Satire’ (Norton vol.1, pp. 1767-8). 

f. Topics :
Religion in the Seventeenth Century; Attitude to Women in the
Seventeenth Century : The Beginnings of Secular Thought; Epic and
Mock-epic; Comedy and Satire.

Paper 10: Any one of the following.

Students opting for Part (i) of a given option will be required to opt for Part (ii) of
the same option in Paper 11 

Option A. Nineteenth-Century European Realism (i)
Unit-1. Ivan Turgenev Fathers and Sons
Unit-2. Fyodor Dostoevsky Crime and Punishment
Unit-3. Background Prose Readings and Topics :
a. Honore de Balzac, ‘Society as Historical Organism’, Preface to the The
Human Comedy, in Ellmann and Feidelson, eds., The Modern Tradition.
b. Leo Tolstoy, ‘Man as the Creature of History,’ from War and Peace, in
Ellmann and Feidelson, pp. 265-7.
c. Gustav Flaubert, ‘Heroic Honesty,’ letter on Madame Bovary, Ellmann and
Feidelson, pp. 242-3.
d. Emile Zola, ‘The Novel as Social Science,’ Ellmann and Feidelson, pp.
e. Georg Lukacs, Studies in European Realism, chapter 3 : ‘Balzac and
Stendhal’ (London, 1972), pp. 65-85. 

f. Topics:
Contemporary Politics and the Russian Novel; The Realist Novel and its
Relationship with History; The Realist Novel and the Middle Class; Changing
Forms of the Novel. 

Option B. Classical Literature(i)
Unit-1. Homer The Illiad (Penguin)
Unit-2. Aristophanes Lysistrata (Penguin)
Unit-3. Background Prose Readings:
a. Aristotle, Poetics, chapter 6-17, 23, 24 and 26 (Penguin).
b. Plato, The Republic, Book X (Penguin).
c. Bharata, Natyashastra, tr. Manomohan Ghosh, chapter 6: ‘Sentiments,’ revd.
2nd edn. (Calcutta: Granthalaya, 1967), vol. I, pp 100-18.

d. Iravati Karve, ‘Draupadi’ in Yuganta : The End of an Epoch (Disha, 1991),
e. C. Rajagopalachari, The Mahabharata, 2nd edn. (Bombay : Bhartiya Vidya
Bhavan, 1972).
f. Topics :
Notions of the Epic; Comedy and Tragedy in Greek and Indian Drama;
Drama in the Athenian City State; Catharsis; Rasa; the Heroic and Dharma. 

Option C. Forms of Popular Fiction (i)
Unit-1. Agatha Christie The Murder of Roger Ackroyd
Unit-2. Ian Fleming From Russia with Love
Unit -3. Background Prose Readings :

a. Christopher Pawling, ‘Popular Fiction : Ideology or Utopia?’ Popular Fiction
and Social Change, ed. Christopher Pawling (London : Macmillan, 1984).
b. Ymberto Eco. ‘Narrative Structure in Fleming’, in The Study of Popular Culture
: A Sourcebook ed. Bob Ashley (London : Pinter, 1989). pp. 124-34.
c. Darko Suvin, ‘On Teaching SF Critically’, from Positions and Presuppositions
in Science Fiction (London : Macmillan), pp. 86-96.
d. Felicity Hughes, ‘Children’s Literature : Theory and Practice’, ELH, 45 (1978),

e. Topics :
What Sells and Why; Bestseller and Other Media of Mass Culture; Morality and
Education in Children’s Literature : Popular Literature and Fantasy.


Paper 12: English Literature 2 (ii)

Unit-1. John Milton Paradise Lost- Book1 lines 1-26 and Book IX
Unit-2. Aphra Behn The Rover
Unit-3. John Dryden MacFlecknoe
Alexander Pope The Rape of the Lock

Paper 13: English Literature 3 (i)

Unit-1. Jonathan Swift Gulliver’s Travels
Unit-2. Samuel Johnson ‘London’, ‘The Vanity of Human Wishes’
Oliver Goldsmith Selections from the The Deserted Village.
lines 35-84. 195-238, 267-339.
Thomas Gray ‘Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard’,
‘Ode on the Death of a Favourite Cat’
Unit-3. Background Prose Readings and Topics:

a. Jonathan Swift, A Modest Proposal
b. Daniel Defoe ‘The Complete English Tradesman’ (Letter XXII),
‘The Great Law of Subordination Considered’ (Letter IV), and ‘The
Complete English Gentleman’, in Literature and Social Order in
Eighteenth-Century England. ed. Stephen Copley (London. 984).
c. Samuel Johnson. The Rambler. Essay 156 (on Literary Rules);
Rasselas Chapter 10 (on the Business of the Poet); on Genius (from
‘The Life of Pope,’ Norton Edition, Vol. 1. pp. 2306; 2308-9).
d. Mary Wollstonecraft, from A Vindication of the Rights of Woman,
chapter 2 (Penguin, 1975), pp. 100-5, 106-9, 111-113) (on Milton’s
Adam and Eve, Rousseau, and Fathers of daughters).
e. William Wordsworth from ‘Preface to Lyrical Ballads’, in Norton
Edition, vol. 2, pp. 127-9, 130-7, 138-9.
f. John Keats, Letter to George and Thomas Keats, 22 December 1817;
Letter to Richard Woodhouse, 27 October, 1818.
g. Topics:
Science and Literature; Neoclassicism; The Country and the City;
Concepts of Nature; Concept of Imagination; The Rise of the Gothic.

Paper 14: Any one of the following.

Students who have opted for Part (i) of a given option in Paper 8 will be required to opt
for Part (ii) of the same option here.
Option A. Nineteenth-Century European Realism(ii)
Unit-1. Honore de Balzac Old Goriot
Unit- 2. Gustav Flaubert Madame Bovary
Unit- 3. Emile Zola Therese Raquin 

Option B. Classical Literature(ii)
Unit-1. Euripides Medea (Penguin)
Unit-2. Vyasa 1. ‘The Dicing’ and
‘The Sequel to Dicing, 2. ‘The Book of the
Assembly Hall’ from The Mahabharata : tr. and
ed. J.A.B.van Buitenen (Chicago, 1975), pp. 106-
Unit-3. Kalidasa Abhijnana Shakuntalam, tr. Chandra Rajan,
in Kalidas:. The Loom of Time (Penguin, 1989).

Option C. Forms of Popular Fiction (ii)
Isaac Asimov Foundation
Lewis Carroll Through the Looking Glass.
Margaret Mitchell Gone with the Wind


Paper 16: English Literature 3 (ii)

Unit-1. William Blake ‘The Lamb’, ‘The Garden of Love’, ‘The Chimney
Sweeper’ (from both The Songs of
Innocence and The Songs of Experience),
‘The Little Black Boy’ (The Songs of
‘The Tyger’ (The Songs of Experience),
‘London’ (The Songs of Experience).

William Wordsworth
‘Tintern Abbey’, ‘Ode: Intimations of
Immortality’, ‘Lines Composed upon Westminster
Samuel Taylor
Coleridge ‘Kubla Khan’, ‘Dejection : An Ode’

Lord Byron from ‘Childe Harold’ : Canto III. verses 36-45
(Lines 316-405); Canto IV, verses 178-186
(Lines 1594-1674)
Percy Bysshe Shelley ‘Ode to the West Wind’, ‘Ode to Liberty’,
‘Hymn to Intellectual Beauty’.

John Keats ‘Ode to a Nightingale’, ‘To Autumn’, ‘La Belle
Dame Sans Merci’, ‘On First Looking into
Chapman’s Homer’.
Unit-3. Mary Shelley Frankenstein

Paper 17. English Literature 5 (i)
Unit 1.

W.B. Yeats ‘Leda and the Swan’, ‘The Second Coming’, ‘No Second
Troy’, ‘Sailing to Byzantium’, ‘Among School Children’.
T.S. Eliot ‘The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock’, ‘Gerontion’,
‘Sweeney Among the Nightingales’, ‘The Hollow
Men’, ‘Marina’.

Unit 2.
Samuel Beckett Waiting for Godot
John Osborne Look Back in Anger

Unit 3.
Background Prose Readings and Topics:
a. Sigmund Freud, ‘Theory of Dreams’, ‘Oedipus Complex’ and ‘The Structure of the
Unconscious’, from The Modern Tradition, eds. Ellmann and Feidelson, pp. 571,
578-81, 559-63.
b. T. S. Eliot. ‘Tradition and the Individual Talent’, Norton Edition, vol. 2, pp. 2198-
c. Albert Camus, ‘Absurdity and Suicide’ and ‘The Myth of Sisyphus,’ from The Myth
of Sisyphus (Penguin), pp.11- 17, 107-111.
d. E. M. Forster, ‘Art for Art’s Sake.’ from Two Cheers for Democracy, in Ellmann
and Feidelson, pp. 198-202.
e. “Raymond Williams, ‘Introduction’ in The English Novel from Dickens to Lawrence
(London: Hogarth, 1984), pp. 9-27.
f. Topics :
The Theatre of the Absurd ; Modernism; The Uses of Myth; The Stream of
Consciousness; The Women’s Movement in the Early Twentieth Century.

Paper 18. Contemporary Literature (i)
Unit-1. Chinua Achebe Things Fall Apart
Unit-2. Nadine Gordimer My Son’s Story
Unit-3 . Background Prose Readings and Topics:
a. Franz Fanon, (on colour prejudice) from Black Skin, White Masks (Paladin
edition, 1970), pp. 21-99.
b. Ngugi wa Thiongo, from ‘The Language of African Literature’, in
Decolonising the Mind, Chapter 1, sections 4-6.
c. Gabriel Garcia Marquez, the Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech, in Gabriel
Garcia Marquez : New Readings, eds. Bernard McGuirk and Richard
Cardwell (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987).
d. V.S. Naipaul, ‘East Indian’, in The Overcrowded Barracoon (Penguin,
1976), pp. 32-41.
e. Topics
Magic Realism; Literature and Revolution; Literature and Cultural Identity;
Writing for the New World Audience

Paper 19: Any one of the following.
Students opting for Part (i) of a given option will be required to opt for Part (ii) of
the same option in Paper 18 

Option A. Anglo-American Writing from 1930 (i)
Unit 1. Graham Greene The Power and the Glory
Unit-2. William Faulkner ‘Dry September’
F. Scott Fitzgerald ‘The Crack-up’
Ernest Hemingway ‘A Clean Well-Lighted Place’
Somerset Maugham ‘The Door of Opportunity’
John Updike ‘Density and Doubt’
John Cheever ‘The Swimmer’
Salman Rushdie ‘The Courter’
Unit 3. Background Prose Readings and Topics :

a. Salman Rushdie, ‘Imaginary Homelands’, from Imaginary
b. George Orwell, ‘Politics and the English Language.’
c. Seamus Heaney, ‘The Redress of Poetry’, from the The Redress
of Poetry (London : Faber, 1995).
d. Adrienne Rich, ‘When We Dead Awaken : Writing as Revision’,
from Adrienne Rich’s Poetry (Norton Critical Edition).
e. Denys Thompson and E.R. Leavis, ‘Advertising Types of Appeal’,
from Culture and Environment.
f. Topics: Social Realism land the Contemporary Novel; Folklore and
the Contemporary Novel; Black Women’s Writing; Identity in
Contemporary Poetry; Tragicomedy in Contemporary Theatre. 

Option B. Literary Theory (i)
1. Marxism:
i. Antonio Gramsci. ‘The Formation of the Intellectuals’ and
‘Hegemony (Civil Society) and Separation of Powers,’ Selections
from the Prison Notebooks, ed. Quentin Hoare and Geoffrey Novell
Smith (London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1971), pp. 5, and 245-6.
ii. Bertolt Brecht, ‘A Short Organum to the Theatre,’ in John Willet, ed.
Brecht on Theatre, pp. 179-205.
iii. Georg Lukacs, ‘Critical Realism and Socialist Realism,’ from The
Meaning of Contemporary Realism.

iv. Louis Althusser, ‘Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses,’ from
Lenin and Philosophy and Other Essays.
2. Feminism:
i. Elaine Showalter, ‘Introduction’ in A Literature of Their Own:
British Women Novelists from Bronte to Lessing (1977).
ii. Juliet Mitchell, ‘Femininity, Narrative and Psychoanalysis’, in
Modern Criticism and Theory: A Reader, ed. David Lodge (London:
Longman, 1988), pp. 426-30.
iii. Michele Barrett, ‘The Cultural Production of Gender’.
iv. Luce Irigaray, ‘When the Goods Get Together’ (from This Sex
Which is Not One), in New French Feminisms, eds. Elaine Marks
and Isabelle de Courtivron (New York: Schocken Books, 1981), pp.

3. Post-Colonial Studies:

i. Edward Said, Orientalism. (Hamondsworth: Penguin, 1978). chapter
ii. Gayatri Chakravarty Spivak, ‘Can the Subaltern Speak?’ in Colonial
Discourse and Postcolonial Theory: A Reader, eds. Patrick Williams
and Laura Chrisman (London: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1993).
iii. Gauri Vishwanathan, ‘The Beginnings of English Literary Study in
British India’, Oxford Literary Review.
iv. Aijaz Ahmad, ‘“Indian Literature”: Notes towards the Definition of
a Category’ from In Theory: Classes, Nations, Literatures (London:
Verso, 1992). 

Unit-1. Elizabeth Barett Browning Aurora Leigh. Book V lines 1-447
Emily Dickinson ‘Because I Could not Stop for
Death’, ‘Elysium is as Far as to’,
‘I had no Time to Hate’, ‘I Felt a
Funeral in My Brain’, ‘I Heard a
Fly Buzz’, ‘The Soul Selects Her
Own Society’.
Sylvia Plath ‘Daddy’, ‘Lady Lazarus’,
‘Soliloquy of a Solipsist’,
Marge Piercy ‘Rape Poem’, ‘The Consumer’,
‘For shoshana Rihn - Pat Swinton’,
‘Right to Life’.

Unit 2. Kate Chopin ‘The Story of an Hour’
Katherine Mansfield ‘Bliss’
Charlotte P. Gilman ‘The Yellow Wallpaper’
Walla Cather ‘Coming Aphrodite’
Mahasweta Devi ‘Draupadi’, in Gayatri Chakravarty Spivak,
In Other Worlds, pp. 179-96.
Unit 3. Background Prose Readings and Topics
a.Virginia Woolf. Chapter 1 and selections from Chapter 3 of A Room of One’s Own
(New York : Harvest HGJ, 1957), pp. 3-24 and 48-59.
b. Simone de Beauvoir, ‘Introduction’ in the The Second Sex in New French
Feminisms. eds. Elaine Marks and Isabelle de Courtivron (New York : Schocken
Books, 1981), pp. 41-56.
c. Sandra Gilbert and Susan Gubar, Chapter 2: ‘The Infected Sentence : Women’s
Authorship and the Anxiety of Influence’ from The Madwoman in the Attic
(Yale Univ. Press, 1979), pp. 45-92.
d. Cora Caplan ‘Women and Language’, in Deborah Cameron, ed., Feminist
Linguistics, A Reader :
e. Sigmund Freud, ‘Female Sexuality’, in The Collected Works of Sigmund Treud,
vol. 5 (London : Hogarth Press, 1957), pp. 252-272.
f. Topics :
Redefining the male dominated lyric tradition; Sexual politics in the construction
of the self in modernist women’s writing; The confessional mode in women’s
writing; Social reform movements and their impact on gender relations in India;
The correlation between Aesthetics and Activism in women’s writing 

Option D. Modern European Drama (i)
Unit-1. Henrik Ibsen Ghosts (Penguin)

Unit-2. August Strindberg Miss Julie (Methuen)
Unit-3. Background Prose Readings and Topics :
a. Stanislavski, An Actor Prepares (Penguin) Chapter 8. "Faith and the
Sense of Truth,", sections 1,2,7,8, 9 (pp. 121--5, 137--46).
b. Raymond Williams, Tragedy and Revolution in Modern
Tragedy, revised edition (London,: Verso, 1979) pp. 61--84.
c. Bertolt Brecht, ‘The Street Scene’ (pp. 121-8), ‘Theatre for Pleasure or
Theatre for Instruction’ (pp. 68-76) and ‘Dramatic Theatre vs. Epic
Theatre’ (chart)- (p.31) from Brecht on Theatre. The Development of an
Aesthetic, ed. John Willet (London : Methuen, 1992).
d. Antonin Artaud, ‘No More Masterpieces’, from The Theatre and its Double
(London : Calder and Boyars, 1970), pp. 55.63.
e. George Steiner, ‘On Modern Tragedy’, from The Death of Tragedy
(London : Faber), pp. 303-24.
f. Jean Genet, Reflections on Theatre (London: Faber), chapter 2: ‘The
Strange Word Urb…’ pp.63-74.
g. Topics :
Naturalism, expressionism in theatre; Forms of realism in European drama;
Politics, social change and theatre,; Performance and text; Avant Garde
drama; Tragedy and notion of heroism in post-war European drama.

Paper 20: English Literature 5 (ii)

Unit-1. Joseph Conrad Heart of Darkness
Unit-2. D.H. Lawrence Sons and Lovers
Unit-3. Virginia Woolf Mrs. Dalloway

Paper 21: Contemporary Literature (ii)
Unit-1. Gabriel Garcia Marquez Chronicle of a Death Foretold
Unit-2. Dario Fo Accidental Death of an Anarchist
Ngugi wa Thiongo The Trial of Dedan Kimatby
Unit-3. Pablo Neruda ‘Poetry’, ‘Tonight I can Write’,
‘The Way Spain Was’, ‘Ars Poetica’,
‘Discoverers of Chile’, ‘Ode to a
Derek Walcott ‘A Far Cry from Africa’, ‘Goats and Monkeys’,
‘Names’, ‘The Sea is History’
Margaret Atwood ‘Spelling’, ‘This is a Photograph of Me’,
‘Procedures for Underground’, ‘The Animals
in that Country’, ‘The Landlady’.

Paper 22: Any one of the following

Students who have opted for Part (i) of a given option in Paper 15 will be required
to opt for Part (ii) of the same option here.
Option A. Anglo-American Writing from 1930(ii)
Unit-1. Arthur Miller The Crucible
Tom Stoppard Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead
Unit-2. Toni Morrison Beloved
Unit- 3. Adrienne Rich ‘Aunt Jennifer’s Tigers’, ‘Necessities of Life’.
‘Diving into the Wreck’, ‘Snapshots For a
Daughter-in-law’, ‘A Valediction Forbidding
Philip Larkin ‘Whitsun Weddings’, ‘Annus Mirabilis’,
‘Dublinesque’, ‘Homage to a Government’,
‘Toads’, ‘The Explosion’
Seamus Heaney ‘Bogland’, ‘Traditions’, ‘Punishment’, ‘An
Ulster Twilight’, ‘The Railway Children’,
‘From the Frontier of Writing’.

Option B. Literary Theory (ii)
Unit 1. Post-Structuralism, Deconstruction, Post-Modernism:
i. Jacques Derrida, ‘Structure, SIgn and Play in the DIscourse of the
Human Science in Modern Criticism and Theory: A Reader, ed.
David Lodge (London: Longman, 1988), pp. 108-23.
ii. Michel Foucault, ‘Truth and Power,’ from PowerlKnowledge (New
York: Pantheon, 1977).
iii. Jean-Francois Lyotard, ‘Answering the Question: What is
Postmodernism?,’ from The Postmodern Condition: A Report on
Knowledge (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. 1984).
Unit 2. Cultural Studies:
i. Raymond Williams, from ‘Forms,’ in Culture (London: Fontana.
1981), pp. 154-80.
ii. Stephen Greenblatt, ‘Introduction’ in Renaissance Self -Fashioning
(Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980), pp. 1-9.
iii. Alan Sinfield and Jonathan Dollimore, ‘Foreword’ and
‘Introduction’ in Political Shakespeare. New Essays in Cultural
Materialism (Ithaca: Cornell, 1985), pp. vii-viii, 2·17.

iv. Roland Barthes, from Mythologies (New York: Noonday Press.
1972): ‘The World of Wrestling: ‘Novels and Children’, ‘Toys;
‘Striptease’, ‘Photography and Electoral Appeal’, ‘The Lost
Continent; Plastic; and ‘The Great Family of Man’; pp. 15-25,50-
5,84-7 and 91-102.
Unit-3. Background Prose Readings:
Terry Eagleton, Literary Theory: An Introduction. 2nd edn. (Oxford:

Option C. Women’s Writing the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries (ii)

Unit-1. Alice Walker The Colour Purple
Unit-2. Doris Lessing The Golden Notebook
Unit-3. Rassundari Debi Excerpts from Amar Jiban
in Susie Tharu and K. Lalita,
ed., Women’s Writing in India
(Delhi : Oxford, 1989),
Vol. 1, pp. 191-202.
Pandita Ramabai Excerpts from Tharu and Lalita
ed. Women’s Writing in India
vol. 1, pp. 247-53.
Florence Nightingale Cassandra
Harriet Jacob Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl
Option D. Modern European Drama (ii)
Unit-1. Bertolt Brecht The Good Woman of Szechuan (Methuen)
Unit-2. Jean Genet The Balcony (Faber)
Unit-3. Eugene Ionesco Rhinoceros (Penguin)

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